The history and origins of tilapia fish to come to Indonesia
Tilapia fish was first imported from Taiwan to Bogor (Center Fresh Water Fisheries Research) in 1969. A year later, these fish begin to cast to some areas. Indigo naming provisions under the Director General of Fisheries in 1972. The name is taken from the name of this fish species, namely nilotica which is then converted into. Name nilotica showed these fish homelands, namely the river
These fish are naturally migrating from its original habitat in the river Nile in Uganda (the upper reaches of the Nile) to the south past kw Raft and Lake Tanganyika to Egypt (along the River Nile). Nila fish are also found in central Africa and west. Largest population is found in fish ponds in Chad and Nigeria. With human intervention, today tilapia has spread around the world starting from the continent of Africa, America, Europe, Asia, and Australia.
Initially, indigo included in Tilapia nilotica species or tilapia fish from groups that do not lay eggs and larvae in the mouth of its mother. In its development, fisheries experts to rank the species or groups Sorotherodon niloticus tilapia fish that lay eggs and larvae in the mouth of male and female parent. Finally, note that the incubating eggs and larvae ¬ in the mouth of the female parent only. Fisheries experts later determined that the proper scientific name for this fish is or Oreochromis niloticus Oreochromis sp. The following classification more indigo.
Species: Oreochromis niloticus
Foreign Name: nile tilapia
Local Name: nila
Source: Khairul Amri, S. Pi, M. Si and Khairuman, SP, Agromedia Pustaka, 2008