Shrimp feed is one of the important parameters in the cultivation of shrimp, because it is a contributor to the cost of production compared to most other parameters (mainly on shrimp cultivation intensive pattern). Referring to the rationale for granted that the perpetrators had knowledge of the cultivation of shrimp feed quality parameters that are not wrong in determining the shrimp feed that will be used.
Mostly the shrimp feed that will be used should be able to accommodate two components namely: (i) shrimp need level, and (ii) the behavior / properties of shrimp. The level of shrimp to feed the need not only include how much the quantity of feed that can be consumed, but also include the nutritional value of ingredients (nutrients) needed for growing shrimp. While behavioral component includes shrimp food habits (type of feed what is usually consumed by the shrimp) and feeding habits (how to eat shrimp feed) so that these components also determine the quality parameters of shrimp feed (discussion related to food habits and feeding habits have been described in the discussion earlier).
Based on the above description, the parameters that can be used in determining the quality of shrimp feed are as follows:
1. Nutritional feed, which contain no nutritional value to feed them. Mostly the existing nutrition in shrimp feed should include: (i) protein, (i) fat (fat), (iii) fiber (fiber), and (iv) the ash was also factors other than moisture feed (feed mouisterize). Nutritional / nutritional value of feed is usually specified by the manufacturer on the packaging, including the production code and expiration date. (This discussion is not going to explain about the meaning and function of each of the elements of nutrition, because it leads to knowledge of nutrition science and nutrition).
2. Solubility level of shrimp feed in the water, the time it takes a feed to be soluble in water. These parameters can also be said as the degree of plasticity (hard or soft) texture of a food, or in other words, the harder the texture of a shrimp feed, feed the late time will be longer, too.
Solubility parameters of feed rate in water is closely related to the shrimp's ability to tolerate the level of resilience in the texture of a food to consumed. If the texture of a food is too hard, usually will not eat shrimp feed and will try to find other food sources. Conversely, if the texture is too soft food, then feed it will be soluble in water without a chance to be consumed by the shrimp.
3. The smell of food. These parameters related to the nature of the shrimp in the search for more food sources rely on the sense of smell. The smell of the feed should be able to provide odor stimuli that can attract the shrimp to consume. If the feed does not have a scent that can attract the feared shrimp feed will be wasted for nothing in the waters and this condition can lead to accumulation of feed remaining at the bottom of ponds.
These three parameters mentioned above are the basic parameters that should be understood by the perpetrators of shrimp cultivation, so that no confusion in determining the product / brand of feed that will be used in the process of shrimp cultivation.